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Ksh. 1.2 Billion Bamboo factory to boost Economy in Kenya

Peter Kenda




Kenya Water Towers Agency Director Eng. David Chepkwony. Photo Peter Kipkoech


Kenya Water Towers Agency to invest Ksh. 1.2 billion in a bamboo factory in Kenya as demand for bamboo products hike.

The factory will be set in the former Kaptagat Livestock Holding Ground in Keiyo South Sub County, Elgeyo Marakwet County Kenya.

Elgeyo Marakwet county government will partner with the Kenya water towers agency to establish the distinctive economic activity in the next two months or so.

Eng. David Chepkwony who is also the director of the agency says that the project will help to settle disagreements arising from the competition between the human beings and the natural resources following the rapidly growing human population and needs.

Eng. Chepkwony says that there is the need for the Kenyan government to create an environment that will facilitate the natural demands of its citizens through mutual relationships between the human being and the environment.

“We need firewood and many other things. It is important for us to partner with the locals to help take part in this initiative that will result in a win-win situation. At the end of the day, the environment will be conserved and as well the locals will get their natural needs like firewood among others,” He said.

He added that punishing the human being over intrusion to an environment seeking for a natural needs like the firewood or timber will not help Kenya as the population and its demands experience consistent growth.

Meanwhile, the host county government led by governor Alex Tolgos has expressed the good political will to blossom the initiative that will be of significance to the economic development in the whole country.


Peter Kenda

Peter Kipkoech Kenda is an all-around professional in Kenya with a
long-term focus on journalism. He thinks in terms of results and
objectives; all with an insatiable hunger for excellence. Peter is a
proactive professional who always looks for positive ways to inspire and
engage with his superiors, sources, and audience.



CARI Replace: "Angolan Ghost The town Wakes Up"

Mark Harris



Kilamba: credit score Voice of The us

Time for an replace? Over the vacations CARI will probably be re-posting probably the most most-visited tales from our weblog: China in Africa: The Actual Tale. Underneath is our April 2, 2014 “actual tale” about Angola’s Chinese language-built Kilamba Kiaxi, or Kilamba New Town.

Kilamba is a gigantic Chinese language-financed satellite tv for pc town this is, unusually nonetheless as of late being derided for example of a Chinese language-built “ghost town”.  

A number of very good box research-based research by means of the intrepid group of David Benazeraf and Ana Alves, in addition to Chloé Buire, Anne Pitcher, and others have debunked this delusion, offering abundant proof that Kilamba used to be sluggish to take off however can hardly ever be referred to as empty.  By the point of her fieldwork in 2015, as Dr. Buire notes, there have been 80,000 folks dwelling within the flats of Kilamba, a mid-sized town had materialized on lower than one thousand hectares. These days, it has develop into a well-liked spot for AirBnB leases. And Section II of the mission seems to had been funded.

So while you listen the only in regards to the Chinese language “ghost the city” in Angola at the VOA, the BBC, or CNN: assume once more. What is the actual tale?

The unique 2014 publish follows:

Someone who has been to Luanda is aware of that the town lacks housing. The inns are extraordinarily pricey, and researchers had been identified to hire a room in any individual’s area for $100 an afternoon. Angolan president Jose dos Santos pledged to construct one million new houses, between 2008 and 2012. Kilamba Town used to be a part of that promise. The theory of making a brand new the city, Kilamba Town, 20 km out of doors Luanda, the place apartments can be that can be purchased, gave the impression of a just right one.

A Frenchman, Pierre Falcon, the well-known architect of the “Angola-gate” fingers business and corruption scandal, owns the corporate that oversaw the mission: Pierson Capital TeamThe advanced used to be financed by means of ICBC, Business and Business Financial institution of China, allegedly subsidized by means of oil-revenues. CITIC constructed the apartments. The state-owned oil Angola used to be in command of advertising and marketing the flats (they’d use the ones revenues to pay off the mortgage). Chinese language corporations constructed Kilamba. After which the flats perceived to stand empty. Visiting Western newshounds photographed the lengthy, lonely expanses of structures. Kilamba Town used to be stuffed, it appeared, by means of ghosts.

Till just lately. Or so it sort of feels. Consistent with the authentic Angolan information company, some 40,000 folks moved into Kilamba after their households took benefit of long-term, cheap mortgages to shop for apartments with costs starting from US$70,000 to US$140,000. One account stated individuals are status in line for days to shop for one (picture left).

The scoop tales on Kilamba, the “ghost the city” basically date from 2012. Whether it is in fact now turning into a thriving the city, why hasn’t any person long gone again to file on it?

Readers: have you ever noticed Kilamba? Your feedback and tales are very welcome. 

Replace Might 6, 2014: New SAIIA research precisely in this matter, by means of David Benazeraf and Ana Alves, “Oil for Housing: Chinese language-Constructed New Cities in Angola.” Extremely beneficial. 

To seek advice from the unique publish and the 21 feedback, click on right here.

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China's FOCAC Monetary Package deal for Africa 2018

Mark Harris



We in the end have the long-awaited 2018 Chinese language monetary pledges in enhance of FOCAC (Discussion board on China-Africa cooperation). Even supposing Chinese language president Xi Jinping spun the numbers to come back to $60 billion (the similar because the 2015 pledges in Johannesburg), the Chinese language state handiest appears to be placing $50 billion of its personal cash at stake, whilst encouraging Chinese language corporations to give a contribution the remaining.
China pledged:

  • US$20 billion in new credit score strains
  • US$15 billion in international help: grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans. 
  • US$10 billion for a different fund for building financing  
  • US$five billion for a different fund for financing imports from Africa.

(Those two latter budget are not going to be loan-based however main points haven’t begun to be launched.)

Listed here are a couple of fast issues of research.

This can be a extra concessional bundle than that introduced in 2015. Chinese language international help tools (grants, interest-free loans, and concessional loans) have jumped to $15 billion.

The whole pledge of loans and grants has declined from $40 billion in 2015 to $35 billion in 2018

Pledges of Chinese language interest-bearing loans peaked in 2015 and are actually beginning to decline. The primary pledge of Chinese language loans used to be in 2009 (US$five billion). In 2009, the mortgage pledge doubled to US$10 billion, and in 2012 it used to be US$20 billion. At Johannesburg in 2012, the Chinese language pledged a complete US$35 billion in interest-bearing loans of quite a lot of sorts, and every other $five billion in grants and interest-free loans ($40 billion in overall). Now, we’re backtrack to $20 billion in what glance to be extra industrial credit score strains and export credit, whilst the concessional loans had been folded into the remainder of the international help tools.

Debt reduction insurance policies have no longer modified. Debt reduction is (as all the time) restricted to interest-free Chinese language govt loans maturing on the finish of the 12 months. Those international help loans are a long-standing and slightly modest a part of Chinese language finance in Africa. Since 2006, late interest-free loans had been frequently cancelled. In 2018 those debt reduction methods are once more, as same old, restricted to the “least evolved nations, closely indebted and deficient nations, landlocked growing nations and small island growing nations that experience diplomatic members of the family with China.” 

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    Beijing's FOCAC Commitments: A "Actual Tale" Primer

    Mark Harris



    As Beijing will get able to welcome dozens of African leaders to the Beijing Summit of the Discussion board on China Africa Cooperation (FOCAC 2018) in September, many shall be questioning whether or not or no longer China has lived as much as the 2015 FOCAC commitments made in Johannesburg.  FOCAC pledges have took place each three years since 2000 and I’ve been inspecting them since 2006. As we get ready for research of this new spherical, this “Actual Tale” FOCAC Primer must lend a hand.

    I. The FOCAC cooperation plans are in most cases funded via other, particular tools, and other Chinese language financiers. The $60 bn pledged on the FOCAC in Johannesburg in 2015 used to be no longer all “reliable overseas help” and it used to be no longer all “loans.”

    Let’s take a look at the precise language in Xi Jinping’s 2015 speech on the Johannesburg FOCAC Summit:

    To verify the a success implementation of those ten cooperation plans, China makes a decision to offer a complete of US$60 billion of investment beef up. It comprises US$five billion of grant and zero-interest loans; US$35 billion of loans of concessional nature on extra favorable phrases and export credit score line; an building up of US$five billion to the China-Africa Building Fund and the Particular Mortgage for the Building of African SMEs respectively; and the China-Africa Fund for Manufacturing Capability Cooperation with an preliminary contribution of US$10 billion.

    To elaborate:

    • China Building Financial institution (business)
      • chargeable for $five bn for the CAD-Fund: that is fairness funding. This pledge represents best an building up within the fund. It isn’t assured to be dispensed over three years (see level four beneath). 
      • additionally chargeable for the rise of $five bn for the “Particular Loans for the Building of African SMEs”. Allotted through the years, most certainly greater than three years.
    • Ministry of Finance/Ministry of Trade (concessional)
      • $five bn for grants and zero-interest loans. Those are administered at once via the Ministry of Trade. They must all be dispensed via now.
    • China Eximbank (combined)
      • $35 bn of concessional overseas help loans and preferential export credit AND export credit score strains. Concessional loans and preferential export credit are best supplied via China Eximbank. The inclusion of “export credit score line” used to be new for FOCAC pledges.  This is able to sign business fee strains of credit score (which China Eximbank additionally supplies) or it might imply the inclusion of China Building Financial institution. All must be dispensed via now.
      • $10 bn for the China-Africa Fund for Manufacturing Capability Cooperation. This may be an funding fund and is run via China Eximbank and SAFE (the State Management of International Trade, in command of China’s overseas reserves). Allotted through the years.

    II. Why would it not be a mistake to suppose that every one Chinese language loans to Africa are a part of the FOCAC pledges?

    On the China-Africa Analysis Initiative (CARI) at SAIS, we observe all Chinese language loans in Africa. The 2 coverage banks — China Eximbank and China Building Financial institution supply maximum of them. However we now see China’s business banks — ICBC, Financial institution of China, and many others. — making business loans in Africa.

    Our CARI database suggests that previously, best China Eximbank’s preferential and concessional loans have been incorporated as a part of FOCAC’s normal pledges. As an example, our CARI database mortgage totals for 2013-2015, the ultimate FOCAC duration, come to over $42.five bn — together with providers credit, ICBC, CDB, and many others. However the FOCAC pledge for that duration used to be best $20 bn. So best about part of that might be particular to FOCAC and mirror the success of Chinese language pledges.

    Certainly, a snappy take a look at the loans via lender presentations that all over that duration, China Eximbank dedicated or dispensed $26.four bn out of that general. They’re the principle participant for China’s loans in FOCAC. Given China Building Financial institution’s extra business orientation, that is virtually without a doubt going to proceed.

    III. Some FOCAC commitments are open-ended in period of time and can roll out over greater than three years.

    As one Chinese language diplomat advised me in 2015, imposing those pledges will cross “perhaps past three years and even longer.”

    As an example, on the 2006 FOCAC Summit, Beijing pledged to lend a hand arrange three to five business and financial cooperation zones in Africa. As our analysis confirmed, this pledge used to be no longer concluded till 2012.  The initiative used to be led via Chinese language firms, no longer Beijing. Negotiating, securing land for the zones, promoting them: all of it took excess of three years.

    CARI shall be publishing extra analyses within the lead as much as FOCAC right here on our weblog and on our web page. Keep tuned!

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